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Skin doctors or dermatologists determine skin treatments by looking at your skin, doing a physical test (such as checking your eyes or heart), and asking you questions about your health. Skin doctors know that it’s essential to treat the whole person, not just their skin. They consider your age, race, sex, weight, lifestyle habits (like smoking), medical history, and medications when making treatment plans. Skin treatments are often used to prevent future problems rather than cure current ones.
This article will tell you more about how dermatologists treat different kinds of skin conditions.
Skin Conditions Treated by Dermatologists
Dermatologists can help with hundreds of different kinds of conditions, including
Acne: This skin disease affects the face, neck, chest, and back. It causes red skin, which can be dry or oily; whiteheads; blackheads; and pimples. Severe acne can cause serious problems such as cysts that need surgery to be removed.
Acanthosis nigricans: Velvety, brown, or black patches appear in body folds. They are not usually itchy or painful, and they do not hurt when you touch them. In some people, acanthosis nigricans can be a sign of diabetes.
Allergic reactions: Skin doctors also treat allergies that affect the skin. Allergic reactions can be caused by things like poison ivy, bug bites, and certain medicines. Your dermatologist will prescribe medication to stop itching and treat any rash or infection.
Alopecia: Also called hair loss, alopecia is the most common reason for losing hair all over the body. Many causes of alopecia include:
- Chemical or drug hair treatments.
- Other medical problems cause hair loss.
Dermatologists can recommend medications to stimulate hair growth and surgery to improve areas where there is no hair.
Skin ulcers: Also called decubitus ulcers, skin ulcers happen when skin gets damaged and can’t heal independently. They usually form on body parts that get pressure from sitting or lying down for a long time, such as the feet, ankles, buttocks, and hips. If not treated properly, they can become infected and very painful.
Skin cancers: Skin cancer is one of the most preventable forms of cancer. There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma. Your dermatologist can recommend ways to protect your skin from these kinds of skin cancers.
Bumps: A dermatologist can diagnose and treat raised, hard bumps on the skin. These include warts and seborrheic keratoses. They often do not cause pain, but they can sometimes turn cancerous if they are too thick.
Eczema: Also called atopic dermatitis, a long-term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, and dry.
Fungal infections: Some fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot and jock itch, are prevalent. People often get them in warm, moist places like swimming pools and locker rooms. Many different kinds of fungi can infect the skin, and they can be spread to other people who come in contact with your skin or clothes or shoes you’ve worn.
Hair loss: Hair loss can happen to anyone at any time. It is most commonly caused by genetics and hormones, but it can also be triggered by stress or medical treatments like chemotherapy. Your dermatologist can help you manage the problem and recommend ways to keep your hair in good condition and style.
Itching: Itching can be caused by many different things, including poor hygiene or fungal infections. Your dermatologist will run tests to find the cause of the itching and prescribe treatments that work best for you.
Keratosis pilaris: This is a condition that causes rough bumps on the backs of your arms and thighs. They are often red, and sometimes they can be itchy or sore.
Lichen planus: This is a kind of inflammatory skin condition that makes red plaques on the skin. They might be itchy, and someone with lichen planus may also have eye and mouth sores. It usually affects people between the ages of 30 and 60.
Melasma: Also called the “mask of pregnancy,” melasma is a skin condition where brown patches develop on your cheeks, forehead, and chin. It occurs when estrogen levels change during pregnancy or while using hormonal birth control pills. Some medicines can also cause melasma.
Moles: Moles are small, pigmented growths that appear on or just under the skin. Most moles appear by the age of 20, but they can occur at any time in your life. They are usually brown or black, but sometimes they can be red or pink. Moles do not cause pain, and they are generally not dangerous.
Rashes: There are many different kinds of rashes, including hives, psoriasis, and eczema. Your dermatologist can pinpoint precisely what kind of rash you have by performing tests on your skin. They also have the expertise to recommend treatments for your specific type of rash.
Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a chronic disease that causes the skin to become inflamed and red. It usually develops in patches on the elbows, knees, or other areas of your body. People living with psoriasis often feel self-conscious about their appearance and may experience depression too. The good news is that there are many different treatments available for psoriasis.
Warts: Warts are caused by a virus and can affect your skin, fingernails, and toenails. They usually grow in clusters and may be small or large. Your dermatologist can diagnose a wart and prescribe one of many treatments that can help you remove it. Some therapies for warts will require multiple visits.
Dermatologists can also help with harsh conditions such as cystic acne or lupus. They are experts in treating the signs of aging on the skin, including moles that change shape, coloration, or size. There are different kinds of treatments available for specific skin conditions. Some dermatologists have special training to perform specific procedures, see Procedures for Skin Conditions. When treating a disease that is new or just getting worse, dermatologists may begin treatment right away. When creating a more chronic condition, they may want to monitor the need for some time before starting treatment.
These are the ways skin doctors decide the treatment:
These common ways to diagnose skin conditions:
Dermatologists will look at your skin and also take a picture for further diagnosis.
They’ll remove some of the layers of the skin to determine if there is cancer or other issues that need treatment.
This helps them determine if you have an autoimmune disease such as lupus, affecting how your skin looks and feels.
Diagnose or identify a condition:
Dermatologists use several tools to diagnose skin conditions. These include looking at your skin, examining pictures of a state, and performing a biopsy where they remove some skin cells for testing in the lab.
Decide on the treatment:
Some dermatologists work with other doctors or partner with cosmetic surgeons to decide on treatments. For example, dermatologists might refer patients with cystic acne for medical therapies instead of coming up with their recommendations. Treatments are also based on how severe the condition is, its location on the body.
Prescribe or recommend treatment:
Dermatologists can prescribe many different medicines, including topical medications that are ointments, creams, or gels applied directly to the skin; oral medication is taken by mouth; and injectable medications that are given underneath the skin. Some dermatologists have special training to perform specific procedures.
Determine the likely cause of the problem:
Sometimes, dermatologists can determine the cause of a condition based on the patient’s medical history and symptoms.
Recommend lifestyle changes that may help:
Lifestyle changes can be beneficial for managing certain skin conditions. For example, if you have psoriasis, your doctor may recommend avoiding triggers such as stress or sun exposure.
Focus on maintaining healthy skin:
Dermatologists will advise getting enough sleep and exercise to support healthy-looking skin; eating nutritious foods; wearing protective clothing in extreme weather; protecting the skin from the sun with sunscreen, sunglasses, and hats; washing hands thoroughly; practicing good hygiene like regular handwashing; not touching your face; refraining from smoking; and more.
Dermatologists also assess risk factors:
Dermatologists determine treatments for a range of cosmetic concerns. A dermatologist can help you decide the best treatment for your condition or problem and explain potential side effects and risks associated with a procedure.
Many different kinds of medications are available today for treating common conditions such as acne and psoriasis, including other treatments available for specific skin conditions. Some dermatologists have special training to perform specific procedures. When creating a new disease or just getting worse, the dermatologist may begin treatment right away. When creating a more chronic condition, they may want to monitor the need for some time before starting treatment. Skin exams help determine what type of treatment you get by looking at your skin closely and diagnosing any potential problems with your skin.
There are many treatments available nowadays by which dermatologists can treat skin conditions. These include oral creams and topical medications that are applied directly to the skin. They can also prescribe antibiotics or other medications depending on the situation they are treating. The location of the condition is also taken into consideration when determining treatment options.
The most common treatments include:
Topical Ointments Topical gels, Topical lotions Topical creams Oral Antibiotics Oral Contraceptives Injectable fillers or Botox Cosmetic Procedures: Procedures such as laser treatments, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion enhance the way you
There are many different kinds of medications available to treat skin conditions. The type of medicine used depends on many factors, including the type of skin condition treated and how severe it is. Some common medications that dermatologists use to treat skin conditions include antibiotics, topical cream or ointment, acne creams, lotions or gels, medicated shampoo for specific scalp issues such as dandruff or psoriasis. This type of medication can help improve acne scars and wrinkles.
Dermatologists may recommend medical procedures including phototherapy treatments such as PUVA (psoralen plus ultraviolet A) therapy or UVB treatment which uses light to kill harmful cells, injections with a medicine called bleomycin for warts, moles, or other abnormal growths on the skin, chemical peels using glycolic acid cream that can help with acne, sun damage, and fine wrinkles, microdermabrasion which uses tiny crystals of aluminium oxide to sand your skin gently, so the top layers of cells are removed revealing newer healthier cells.
Dermatologists use laser procedures to treat many conditions, including acne scarring, warts, birthmarks (such as port-wine stains), broken veins, or rosacea. There are several different types of lasers. The type of laser dermatologists use depends on the condition being treated. How do doctors determine what kind of laser treatment is used? They choose a specific wavelength for the type of tissue they’re treating (such as red for blood vessels) and how big an area they want to treat.
This treatment involves applying a chemical solution to the skin, causing it to exfoliate or peel off. The new cells that grow are usually smoother and softer than the old cells. Chemical peels do not typically cause much discomfort, but you may have redness and swelling afterward. Depending on the type of peel being used, recovery time can be quicker or slower.
Injections work by either destroying abnormal cells or adding material that will stimulate your body’s natural response to the condition. For example, bleomycin destroys abnormal blood vessels while interferon-alpha stimulates an immune system response against warts. The dermatologist chooses the injection based upon what kind of problem they’re treating.
This is a non-invasive method for treating fine lines, acne scarring, sun damage, and dull-looking skin. During the procedure, the dermatologist will gently sand your skin with tiny crystals of aluminium oxide. You may have some redness for a few days afterward, but there’s no recovery time.
Electrodesiccation & Curettage:
If abnormal cells are confined to a tiny spot on your face or body, your dermatologist might use electrodesiccation& curettage (ED&C). This treatment involves inserting a wire loop through the top layer of skin into the abnormal cells below it.
These are the ways dermatologists or skin doctors treat patients and provide medications and procedures to fix their skin conditions. You can book an appointment through OHO Homeopathy to meet the best dermatologists.