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Eczema is a skin condition that affects millions of people. It is a chronic condition that lasts for a long time and often comes back. Eczema is not contagious, so it cannot be spread from one person to another. However, some things can make eczema worse. These include stress, allergens, and environmental factors. If you have eczema, it is essential to keep your skin hydrated and avoid triggers. See your doctor if your eczema does not improve with home treatment. There is no cure for eczema, but treatments can help control the symptoms. Let’s know more about eczema and how it can flare up!
What is eczema?
Eczema is a skin condition that causes the skin to become itchy, inflamed, and red. Patches of dry, cracked skin often characterize it. Eczema can occur on any part of the body, but it is most common on the hands, feet, face, and neck.
What causes eczema?
Eczema is believed to be caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Some people may be more likely to develop eczema due to their genes. Environmental factors contributing to eczema include allergies, stress, and exposure to irritants or allergens. Here are the exact causes of eczema:
- Â Genetics
Eczema is believed to have a genetic component. If you have family members with eczema or atopic dermatitis, you are more likely to develop the condition yourself. Researchers believe that there may be specific genes that could put people at risk for developing eczema. People with these genetic mutations have “atopic” genes, meaning they are more likely to develop allergies and asthma. One study identified 13 different regions in the human genome where mutations frequently occur in individuals with eczema. However, scientists still need to understand how these changes affect the body’s immune system and contribute to skin inflammation.
There is evidence that exposure to allergens could trigger eczema symptoms in some people. Allergens are substances that can cause an allergic reaction in the body. Some common allergens include pollen, pet dander, and dust mites. Exposure to these allergens may cause the skin to become inflamed and itchy.
- Environmental Factors
Exposure to certain environmental factors may also contribute to eczema symptoms. Ecological factors include smoke, pollution, and harsh weather conditions. These factors can irritate the skin and make eczema worse.
Stress is another common trigger for eczema symptoms. When you are stressed, your body releases a hormone called cortisol. Cortisol can cause the skin to become inflamed and itchy. It is essential to reduce stress in your life if you have eczema.
- Hormonal Changes
Hormonal changes can also trigger eczema symptoms. This includes changes that occur during pregnancy, menopause, and puberty. During these times, the body’s hormone levels may change, and this could cause the skin to become irritated.
Some medications may also cause eczema symptoms. This includes over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin and prescription medications such as prednisone and lithium. If you are taking any drugs and start developing eczema symptoms, be sure to talk to your doctor.
What are the triggers of eczema?
Exposure to specific allergens may trigger eczema symptoms. Common household allergens that can cause eczema include dust mites, pet dander, pollen, mold spores, and cockroaches. Pets are also common triggers for allergies that lead to skin problems.
Harsh environmental irritants may also contribute to the development of eczema. These can include soaps, detergents, fabric softeners, solvents, chemical fumes, cigarettes smoke, and chlorine.
3. Food Allergies
Food allergies are another common trigger for eczema symptoms in some individuals. If you suspect a food allergy is causing your symptoms, talk to your doctor about an elimination diet or food allergy testing.
Stress is a common trigger for eczema symptoms. When you are stressed, your body releases cortisol, which can cause the skin to become inflamed and itchy.
5. Hormonal Changes
Hormonal changes can also trigger eczema symptoms in some people. This includes changes that occur during pregnancy, menopause, and puberty.
Some medications may also contribute to the development of eczema symptoms. This includes over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin and prescription medications such as prednisone and lithium.
Can eczema spread?
Yes, eczema can spread from one part of the body to another. Eczema can quickly spread from one body part to another or from one area of the skin to another. This is because it affects the top layer of the skin, which contains many nerve endings. When this layer becomes inflamed and irritated, it can cause itching and scratching, which leads to eczema spreading. For example, if you have a rash on your leg, you may want to scratch that area until your nails break your skin’s surface. This will allow bacteria in the environment into your body through the wound created by grinding. The bacteria will then cause an infection in that area (cellulitis), making your symptoms worse and increasing your risk of developing eczema in that location.
What does eczema spread to?
Eczema can spread from one part of the skin to another or the skin onto other parts of your body -including your hands and feet. Some individuals may get a rash on their eyelids or around their eyes (periorbital dermatitis). If you develop eczema on your eyelid, it is essential to treat this right away because it can lead to infections and scarring. Eczema can even affect the nails and hair follicles and cause them to become discoloured and misshapen.
How do you prevent eczema from spreading?
If you have a flare-up of eczema, there are several things you can do to prevent it from spreading.
Avoid scratching the affected area:
This is the most important thing to prevent eczema from spreading. Scratching will only make the symptoms worse and can lead to skin infections. Scratching can also cause the skin to become thick and leathery, which will reduce your ability to heal.
Use a moisturizer:
Moisturizing is an essential part of treating eczema symptoms. Applying a moisturizer will help keep the skin from becoming too dry and itchy. A moisturizer specially formulated for individuals with eczema can also provide some relief from itching. Avoid products that contain alcohol or fragrance because they may exacerbate the symptoms of eczema.
Wash your hands after touching affected areas:
If you have been scratching an area on your body, be sure to wash your hands before touching another part of your body. This includes cleaning your hands before you eat. This will help prevent the spread of bacteria and other contaminants to other parts of your body.
Cover the affected area:
If you have a rash on your leg, you may want to cover it up with a bandage or wrap. This will help keep it from coming into contact with environmental irritants and protect it from being scratched.
Limit your exposure to triggers:
If you know that certain things trigger your eczema, try to avoid them as much as possible. This includes avoiding direct contact with harsh chemicals, detergents, and solvents. It may also help to prevent cigarette smoke and other sources of allergens.
Take an antihistamine:
Taking an antihistamine orally can help to relieve itching associated with eczema. This may also reduce the amount of scratching you do and how long a flare-up lasts. There are several types available, including diphenhydramine (Benadryl), loratadine (Claritin), cetirizine (Zyrtec), fexofenadine (Allegra), desloratadine (Clarinex), and levocetirizine (Xyzal). Talk to your doctor about which one may be best for you.
Humidifiers can help keep the skin moist and may provide relief from eczema symptoms. It is essential to clean the humidifier regularly, as bacteria can grow in the water tank and cause an infection.
Apply Aloe Vera gel:
Aloe vera gel has anti-inflammatory properties and can provide some relief from itching. You can buy aloe vera gels at your local drugstore, or you may be able to find them growing in your yard.
Apply topical steroid:
If you have a flare-up, applying a topical steroid cream or ointment may help to reduce the symptoms of eczema. Topical steroids should not be used for long periods because they may cause the skin to thin and become damaged over time. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, talk with your doctor about how best to treat your eczema.
How is eczema diagnosed?
Your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose eczema.
Patch test: A small piece of tape is placed on your skin and left there for 24 hours. If you are allergic to something, your skin may become itchy and red where the adhesive touches you.
Blood test: Your blood may be tested for specific antibodies that may indicate an allergy.
Skin biopsy: A piece of your skin is removed and looked at under a microscope to check for signs of inflammation. This is usually done when other test results come back negative or inconclusive. How do doctors treat eczema? Treatment will vary depending on how bad the condition is and what type of eczema you have. It can be difficult to treat eczema, and there is not always a cure. However, there are several things you can do to help manage the symptoms.
There are several treatments that your doctor may recommend for eczema:
Moisturizers: Applying a moisturizer regularly is an integral part of managing eczema. There are moisturizers available that are specifically designed for people with eczema. These products usually contain ingredients that will help soothe and protect the skin.
Oral antihistamines: Taking an oral antihistamine may help relieve the itching and inflammation associated with eczema.
Topical steroids: If you have a flare-up, your doctor may prescribe a topical steroid cream or ointment to help reduce the symptoms.
Immunosuppressants: For severe cases of eczema, your doctor may prescribe an immunosuppressant medication. This type of medication helps suppress the immune system and can help to reduce the inflammation associated with eczema.
Topical immunomodulatory: These medications contain ingredients that suppress your immune system and block certain chemicals in the body that cause inflammation. They are often prescribed for moderate-to-severe eczema who don’t respond well to other treatments. However, topical immunomodulators can cause serious side effects, so they should be used only when necessary, under a doctor’s supervision. Application is also limited to small areas of skin at first.
Light therapy: Phototherapy involves exposing skin affected by eczema to controlled amounts of ultraviolet light. It may help reduce itching and clear up patches of eczema. Treatment can last anywhere from several weeks to several months, depending on the severity of your eczema.
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to the question of whether eczema spreads. Some people may find that their eczema gets worse when they come into contact with specific triggers, while others may only experience a mild flare-up every once in a while. However, there are several things you can do to help manage the symptoms of eczema and prevent it from spreading. Some of these tips include:
- Cleaning your skin regularly and using a moisturizer
- Avoiding known triggers
- Applying a topical steroid cream or ointment if you have a flare-up
- Taking an oral antihistamine to relieve itching and inflammation
- Avoiding certain fabrics, such as wool
- Use a barrier cream to protect your skin from irritants
- Wearing loose-fitting clothing
Eczema is a condition that causes inflammation of the skin. This can cause dryness and itchiness, leading to red patches of skin that are typically covered with flaky scales. Eczema isn’t contagious, but it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. If you have eczema, it’s essential to talk with your doctor about treatments that may help relieve your symptoms. You can also consider a homeopathic remedy for eczema if you go into contact with triggers that might cause your symptoms to flare up.
Homeopathic treatment for eczema:
Homeopathy can be a good option when it comes to stopping flare of eczema. Homeopathic treatment for eczema is based on the principle of ‘like cures like, which means that a small amount of an allergen or irritant will treat the symptom it causes. Homeopathy has been used to treat many skin conditions, from eczema and psoriasis to shingles and herpes. Its effectiveness in treating eczema is scientifically proven, so if you decide to use homeopathic remedies for your eczema, make sure you visit a registered homeopathy doctor. You can book your appointment through OHO Homeopathy now!